# Study Guides: Study notes, Quizzes, more - GCSE, CXC, SEA

Study guides for GCSE, CXC, SEA. Learn fast with Easy to understand Study Notes. Now you can test your understanding with Quizzes. Also, enjoy effective exam-prep.

## Physical Quantities | Physics | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

Physical Quantities A physical quantity is any quantity or property which can be measured and a numerical value obtained. Physical quantities have both magnitude (size) and units. Both must be given when stating the value of a physical quantity. Using different units to represent the same quantity may prove to be confusing, especially when one has to convert between these units. For example: In day to day activities, the volume of a liquid may be measured in: pints, quarts, gallons, etc. There is no common relationship between these units and converting between them may lead to confusion. Scientists have been able to avoid such confusion by agreeing on a single ...

## S.I. System of Units | Physics | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

S.I. Units The S.I. System of Units consists of the seven (7) fundamental quantities and ALL derived quantities. In the system, each physical quantity (fundamental or derived) has only ONE unit. Standard Prefixes for S.I. Units Each physical quantity has only one S.I. unit, but these units may lead to very awkward numbers when dealing with very small or very large magnitudes. Certain prefixes (multiples and sub-multiples of ten) are therefore used. Scientific notation is also used to represent quantities of very large or very small magnitudes. This involves writing the magnitude: as a number between 1 and 10, times 10 raised to a power. The power to which ten ...

## Scalar vs Vector Quantities | Physics | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

SCALAR AND VECTOR QUANTITIES Scalar Quantities A scalar quantity is one which has magnitude only, i.e. it has only size. A scalar quantity is completely defined by stating its magnitude (and unit). Scalar quantities include: length, mass, time, temperature, amount of substance. Vector Quantities A vector quantity is one which has not only magnitude (size), but also direction. A vector quantity is completely defined only when its magnitude, unit, and direction are stated. A vector quantity may be positive or negative, depending on direction of motion or measurement. If taken as positive in a certain direction, a vector quantity must be taken as negative in the opposite direction. Vector quantities ...

## Intro to Waves | Physics | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

Waves Introduction A wave may be described as a disturbance that travels through a medium from one location to another. A wave transmits energy from one place to another. For example: energy can be carried by a water wave generated by a boat out at sea, or by a sound wave from a loudspeaker to a listener’s ear.  A wave can be observed on a slinky with one end fixed and the other end allowed to be altered. In its natural, unstretched state, a slinky assumes an equilibrium/rest position with all the coils evenly spaced. If the first coil on the free end is displaced, the remaining coils are also ...

## Types of Waves | Physics | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

TYPES OF WAVES Progressive Waves A progressive wave is one which transfers energy (NOT matter) during propagation. Progressive waves include two (2) types of waves: transverse and longitudinal waves. Longitudinal Waves Longitudinal waves are waves in which the direction of vibration of the particles is parallel to (i.e. along) the direction of wave propagation i.e. the particles of the medium vibrate along the same direction in which the wave travels. Longitudinal waves can be observed on a slinky resting on a surface with one end fixed and the other pulled and released. This generates a series of compressions and rarefactions which travel along the slinky as the wave propagates. Longitudinal ...

## Wave Parameters | Physics | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

Wave Parameters Amplitude Amplitude – the amplitude (A) of a wave is the maximum displacement of a particle from its equilibrium position. Wavelength Wavelength – the wavelength (λ) of a wave is the minimum distance in which the wave repeats itself. For a transverse wave, it is the distance between two successive crests or two successive troughs. For a longitudinal wave, it is the distance between successive compressions or successive rarefactions. Generally, it is the distance between any two successive points on adjacent waves. Period All the particles within a medium, through which a wave propagates, vibrate or oscillate. Period – the period (T) of a wave is the time ...

## Wavefronts | Physics | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

Wavefronts Wavefronts – a wavefront may be defined as an imaginary line joining all the set of particles which are vibrating in the phase, in a wave motion (i.e. a line joining all the identical points on the wave). It is a line joining all the crests or troughs. Wavefronts can easily be demonstrated by using a ripple tank. Wavefronts produced by a circular dipper [insert PICTURE 4-10] Note: The distance between two successive wavefronts is equal to one wavelength. The arrows indicate the direction of propagation (movement) of the wave. This direction is always perpendicular to the wavefronts. When we draw a wavefront, we draw the shape of the ...

## Wave Phenomenon | Physics | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

Wave Phenomenon Reflection of Water Waves Reflection of straight wavefronts at a plane surface [insert PICTURE 4-12] Note: Both incident and reflected wavefronts are straight and have equal spacings. The incident and reflected waves have the same speed and wavelength. Reflection of Circular Wavefronts at Plane Surfaces [insert PICTURE 4-13] Note: The source O corresponds to the object and the virtual source I of the reflected waves corresponds to the virtual image formed by a plane mirror. Refraction of Water Waves Water waves change direction (bend) when they travel across a boundary between deep and shallow water at a non-zero angle to the boundary. This change of direction or bending ...

## Acids, Bases, Oxides | Chemistry | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

Acids Tribasic Acids Tribasic acids produce 3 moles of H+ ions per mole of acid. Acid Anhydrides An acid anhydride is an acidic oxide of a non metal which reacts with water to form an acid. Note: The double sided arrow is used for a reaction which is reversible, that is, total ionization does not take place and the reactants can easily be reformed. The single arrow  is used for an irreversible reaction, that is, total ionization has taken place, and the reactants do not reform. Bases A base is chemically opposite to an acid and may be defined in two ways:
1. A base is a substance which will ...

## Functions of Electrolysis | Chemistry | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

Functions of Electrolysis Electrolysis of pure water Pure water is not a good conductor of electricity as it partially ionizes. If pure water is used as an electrolyte no current will flow. Inert Electrodes used in electrolysis are either platinum or graphite When hydrogen is given off at cathode it ‘gives a pop’ with a lighted splint When oxygen is given off at anode it relights a glowing splint When water is removed during electrolysis the electrolyte becomes more concentrated When electrolysis involves use of an inert electrode the electrode does not contribute ions to the solution e.g. Electrolysis of aqueous copper (II) sulphate using inert electrodes (platinum or graphite) ...

## Chemistry of Gardening | Chemistry | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

Chemistry of Gardening Objectives List at least 6 elements needed for plant growth Identify sources of  the essential elements Elements needed for plant growth Plants need as many as 20 different elements The three most important are C, H and O which are obtained from the air in the form of Carbon dioxide and from the soil in the form of water. These are readily available to the plant. These along with six other elements that are required in relatively large amounts are listed below along with their function and deficiency symptoms. Elements Function Deficiency Symptoms    Nitrogen For making proteins Stunted growth Phosphorus For development of roots especially plants with ...

## Importance of Nitrogen | Chemistry | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

Importance of Nitrogen All plants need nitrogen for the manufacture of proteins. However plants cannot make use of the nitrogen in the air. This nitrogen must first be converted to nitrates before the plant can absorb it. This can be done in two ways: STEP 1 Nitrogen fixing bacteria present in the root nodule of same plants (legumes) change atmospheric nitrogen to nitrates STEP 2 Lightning can change atmospheric nitrogen to nitrates N2 + O2          →     2NO 2NO + O2       →     2NO 2NO + H2O      →   HNO3 + HNO2 Once it is fixed nitrogen it is taken up by plants and changed to protein. Animals will obtain their protein  from these ...

## Nitrogen Cycle | Chemistry | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

Nitrogen Cycle All plants require nitrogen for the manufacture of proteins. However plants cannot make use of the nitrogen in the air. The nitrogen in the air must first be converted to nitrates before the plant can absorb it. This can be done in two ways: Nitrogen Fixing Bacteria Nitrogen fixing bacteria present in the root nodule of some plants, change atmospheric nitrogen to nitrates. Lightning can also change atmospheric nitrogen to nitrates. The steps are as follows: N2 + 02               2NO 2NO + O2                     2NO2 2NO2 + H2O                HNO3 + HNO2 The fixed nitrogen is taken up by the plants and changed to proteins. Animals will obtain ...

## Alcohols – Organic Chemistry | Chemistry | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

Alcohols - Organic Chemistry The Alcohols have the general formula CnH2n +1 OH The Properties of Ethanol It is a good solvent.  Many substances that do not dissolve in water dissolve in ethanol. The boiling temperature is 78 degrees Celsius Uses of Ethanol Ethanol is used to make many substances a few of these being: polish, inks, dyes, a wide range of pharmaceuticals and alcohols. Ethanol is used in alcoholic drinks and this ethanol is obtained by anaerobic fermentation of carbohydrates e.g. fruits CARBOHYDRATES  → ETHANOL + CARBON DIOXIDE (Enzymes supplied by yeast) Reactions of Alcohols The functional group of Alcohols is the –OH group. The reactions of Alcohols are based on this group. Some alcohols ...

## Nomenclature | Chemistry | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

The Functional Group The Functional Group is the atom or group of atoms in a compound whose reactions determine the chemical properties of the compound, i.e ‘how the compound behaves.’ Eg. Propanoic acid and butanoic acid have similar chemical properties because they contain the same functional group.  Propanoic acid – ( C2H5COOH)            Butanoic acid – (C3H7COOH) they both contain the COOH group.  Naming Organic Compounds - Nomenclature When naming organic compounds the first thing one must do is identify the longest carbon chain in the compound. This is the number of carbon atoms that form a continuous chain ( the chain could be straight or bent) The number of carbon atoms ...

## Homologous Series | Chemistry | CSEC CXC lessons online – Study Guide

The Homologous Series - organic chemistry The millions of organic compounds existent can be broken down into categories or series, due to their properties, called homologous series. A Homologous series is a group of organic compounds which are classified together due to their similarities in properties i.e. chemical behavior etc N.B. Hydrocarbons are organic compounds containing hydrogen and carbon ONLY Hydrocarbons comprise of the following: Alkanes Alkanes make up  the simplest homologous series. They are saturated i.e. they contain c-c bonds only. They are relatively unreactive General formula: Cn H2n +2 First four members Methane  C1 H4  Ethane      C2 H6  Propane   C3 H8  Butane      C4 H10  Alkenes Alkenes contains carbon to carbon double bonds ...

## How to Safeguard your Child from Gang Recruitment | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Give your child lots of love and support. If your child is in an environment of care and belonging, he/she is less likely to resort to gangs. The reason most children join gangs is because it gives them a sense of belonging. Step 2: Be aware of what is happening in your child's life. Keep track of his/her activities in school and attend events that matter to him/her. Make sure your family has at least one meal together per day. This will give you a chance to ask about your child's day. Step 3: Familiarize yourself with your child's friends and encourage your child to foster the type ...

## Child Internet Safety tips you Need now | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Place your home computer where you can monitor what your child does on the Internet. The living room or kitchen might be a good place. Step 2: Learn about the security features on your home computer. Use passwords for logging in, and use a personal firewall on your router to protect your personal information. If you require assistance in securing your computer and network, contact a computer technician or your internet service provider. Step 3: Teach your child about the dangers of Internet. Make sure your child understands that even the Internet is not always safe. Tell him/her not to trust anyone who is trying to contact him/her ...

## Know the Signs of Drug Use | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

#1: Behaviour. A teenager who is abusing drugs will not be thinking properly or clearly, and will be responding at a much slower pace than normal. #2: Eyes. A drug-abusing teenager has dilated pupils or bloodshot eyes. #3: Conversation. Your teenager has most likely already been exposed to drugs at school. Make sure you teach him/her properly about the dangers of different drugs. #4: Parent, don't dictate. Simply telling your child what to do or not do will create a communication barrier between the two of you. Guide your teenager and help him/her grow up into a responsible adult. #5: Grow with your teenager. Be willing to listen and talk ...

## How to Mentor to your Child | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Insist on a relationship. According to a report by the U.S. Surgeon General, "one in ten children suffer from mental disorders". The disorders can be as simple as depression or as complex as schizophrenia. Unfortunately, only one in three children will seek help for his/her condition. Although maintaining a relationship with your teenager will be difficult at times, make sure he/she knows that you are always there for him/her. Step 2: Devote time for your teenager. Teenagers occasionally have a need for your attention. Schedule time together with your teenager and engage in an activity of his/her choice. Spending time with your teenager will make him/her feel important ...

## How to Help your Kids to Say No to Drugs | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Be a role model for your teenager. Your actions have an important part to play in your teenager's choices. Make sure that your expectations of yourself mirror your expectations of your teenager rather than contradict them. Expecting your child to do one thing while seeing you do the opposite frays their trust towards you as their parent. Step 2: Look for the positive in your teenager. Focus on the positive things in your teenager and express your appreciation for him/her. Step 3: Have time together with your teenager. Make it a habit to spend time with your teenager and do something together every week. Step 4: Express interest ...

## Top Tips to Prevent Teen Alcohol Abuse | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Educate yourself on the subject first. Use the information on Freevibe.com to communicate to your teenager what effects drug and alcohol abuse can have on his/her life. Step 2: Have a family meeting about the risks of alcohol and drug abuse. Use the kind of language that your teenager can understand and encourage him/her to ask questions. Step 3: Recommend websites to your teenager where he/she can learn more about avoiding drug and alcohol abuse. One such site is Checkyourself.com, designed especially for teenagers. Step 4: Fostering an open communication with your teenager. Encourage him/her to come to you no matter what and be willing to help. Step ...

## Know the Secret Signs of Cocaine use | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Cocaine use causes an extreme decrease in appetite to the point of not eating anything for days. Monitor what and when your child is eating when home. Step 2: Cocaine use causes a surge in energy. A cocaine user will constantly be moving about, even when he/she is supposed to be sleeping. Step 3: Due to a lack of appetite associated with cocaine use, a sudden and sharp weight lose will occur. Step 4: Look for signs of paranoia. Most cocaine users are paranoid about the police being around or by their friends knowing about their addiction. Step 5: Physical signs of cocaine use include dilated pupils, dry ...

## Parent’s Guide to suspected Teen Drug use | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Have an open discussion with your child. Step 2: Hear what your child has to say if you found items pertaining to drug abuse. Step 3: Have your child tested ...

## Is your child High? Tips to know for sure | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Look out for the following signs:
1. Decreased academic performance.
1. The type of company he/she keeps.
1. Attitude towards you and chores.
1. Withdrawal, lack of concern for personal hygiene and grooming. Lack of interest in favourite sports and hobbies.
1. Follow your instinct. You above all will know if something is going on with your child.
...

## Top tips to Stop Teen Drug use | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Stopping teen drug abuse starts with a good family foundation. Many children do not have anyone to come home to after school. One parent must be home to help the teenager with homework and school studies, supervise his/her behaviour and provide support if the teenager needs someone to talk to. Step 2: Openly discuss drug abuse with your teenager as well as the negative consequences of addiction. Ask your teenager's principal about starting an anti-drug campaign at his/her school. Step 3: Monitor your teenager's school progress. Check homework daily. If your teenager falls behind in his/her studies, he/she may lose motivation and become depressed. Falling behind in class ...

## The Best way to Keep your Kid off Weed | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: A good time for this discussion is in your child's early teens. Step 2: Make the discussion conversational and not a lecture. Step 3: Sincerely inquire about your child's point of view on marijuana use. If your child honestly feels negative towards the subject, end the discussion by informing your child that he/she can always come to you about anything. Step 4: Only let your child know about your own experiences with smoking pot if he/she seems intrigued about the subject or admits to smoking him/herself. Ensure that your child understands the negative effects of marijuana, including lack of motivation and heightened paranoia. Step 5: Answer your child's ...

## Signs of Marijuana Use | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Smoking marijuana will cause your child extreme hunger to the point of eating anything in the refrigerator. Step 2: Smoking marijuana will cause your child to feel uttermost sleepiness even after a full night's rest. Step 3: Half-closed eyes could be a sign of marijuana use. Your child might try to disguise that by using eye drops. Step 4: Smoking marijuana might cause dry mouth to the point where your child will be drinking almost continuously. Step 5: Smoking marijuana will cause your child to laugh at anything uncontrollably. Step 6: Smoking marijuana will make your child confused, easily distracted, forgetful and unable to focus. Step 7: Should ...

## Easily flip Difficult Family Dialog into an Easy chat | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Good timing is everything. When you are having a discussion with your teenager, time your punch lines and playful words carefully. When you learn to balance your timing for positive spins, it will result in a much more enjoyable conversation when attempting to get your point across. Step 2: Get your point across without having to resort to emotional outbursts. While your teenager knows how to push your limits, he/she sometimes just can not stop. Emoting only makes matters worse for both of you, leaving little room for open dialogue. Step 3: Tell your teenager: “I know that, as a teenager, your only purpose in life is to ...

## Discover the Secret Wishes of your Kids | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Acknowledge your teenager's individuality. Your teenager needs to know that you respect him/her for who he/she is. Expect your teenager to distance him/herself from you and identify him/herself more with his/her peers. Help your teenager build confidence in who he/she is by supporting his/her individuality. Step 2: Be prepared for drama. Your teenager will be going through quickly-changing phases. Although the smallest things might trigger dramatic overreaction in your teenager, do not undermine his/her emotions. Rather, assure your teenager that the world is not coming to an end by sharing one of your own teenager experiences. Your teenager needs your support whether he/she states so or not. Step ...

## How to Understand your Child | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Talk to your teenager at his/her time. Let your teenager know that he/she can talk to you about anything when he/she is ready to. Forcing your teenager to tell you everything that is going on in his/her life then and there will only make him/her withdraw. Show your teenager that you trust him/her by allowing him/her to tell you things in his/her own time. Not trusting your teenager only makes him/her not trust you. Step 2: Make your teenager happy. Allow your teenager to do things that make him/her happy. Refusing your teenager's every request to do something that makes him/her happy will only make him/her rebel and ...

## How to Get Along with your Teen | CXC Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Respect your teenager's independence. Trying to control and interfere with your teenager's every move can keep him/her back from preparing for an independent life. When parenting a teenager, take interest in what he/she does and what interests him/her. At the same time, allow your teenager the opportunity to make decisions on his/her own while still providing guidance when necessary. Step 2: Respect your teenager's privacy. Be aware that your teenager's need for privacy is an important development step for them. Time spent alone will help your teenager relax and think about his/her plans and goals. It will also teach him/her to become comfortable with his/her own company, and ...

## Top Tips for a Healthy Relationship with your Child | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Acknowledge that your child is an individual and not an extension of yourself. By accepting your child as a person, you open the way to a firm and healthy relationship with your child. Step 2: Let your child mark his/her own path. Even if you disagree with the directions that your child is taking in his/her life, acknowledge his/her right to do so. Allow your child to be who he/she wants to be. Step 3: When you have disagreements with your child, remember that his/her points may be valid as well. Be sure to hear him/her out. This does not mean that you give your child control of ...

## How to Teach your Kids about Credit Cards | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1: Go through credit card offers with your child. Make him/her understand that the small print on the back of the offer shows hidden charges and conditions. Step 2: Ensure that your child understands the importance of paying off monthly credit card bills in order to avoid getting in debt early. Step 3: Talk to your child about the dangers of credit cards. Show him/her in an example just how much money he/she can lose by spending more than he/she can pay back on the credit card. Step 4: Sign your child up for a credit card before he/she starts university. If possible, sign up for a credit card ...

## Get your Time and Life Back under Control | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step #1: Organize everything. Unless you absolutely need or can't live without the items in your home, you can get rid of them. The same applies to your computer files and clothes closet. Store your belongings properly. Step #2: Set your goals. Trying does not mean accomplishing. Set goals for yourself and do what you need to do to accomplish them. Determining your goals should make it very clear to you exactly what you need to spend your time doing. Step #3: Make lists. Write down a list of all the things you need to do, then combine similar or related tasks. Go through the list again and focus on ...

## Top Five Changes for a Healthy Life | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Change #1: Organize your living space. Clutter in your home can cause you additional stress. Organize your home, clean the clutter, and you will have a soothing and relaxing home to look forward to. Change #2: Organize your time. Organizing your time by keeping a schedule, refusing overburdening demands, and fining the shortest way to accomplish an objective, will give you more time to do the things that you like. It will also keep your stress levels down. Change #3: Surround yourself with supportive people. Having a supportive social circle, or even just one person, to talk to helps you to a healthier and less stressful life. Nourishing your relationships ...

## Why It Pays to Organize Your Home | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Fact #1: Clutter is stressing. You can feel stressed simply by just sitting in a cluttered room. A cluttered room can provide too much information for your brain to visually process and is a nagging reminder of just how much work you need to do to clean your house. Having a cluttered home creates a steady stream of low stress that can slowly but surely drain you of your energy. Fact #2: A soothing home relieves stress. Coming home to an organized living area, where order, cleanliness, and a decor fit to your taste prevail, helps reduce stress. This order helps bring a sense of peace and tranquility to your ...

## Time Management Tips for Moms | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Tip #1: Keep organized. Keep an organized schedule of your house chores, time with family, time with partner and other tasks. This will not only save you stress and time, but will also make it easier for you to keep track of the activities going on in your life. Tip #2: Assign tasks. Although it might be easier to take care of all household chores by yourself, delegating some of those chores to your spouse and children might be a good idea. Segmenting chores into smaller tasks and rewarding others for performing them might be a good idea. Tip #3: Multitasking? Multitasking used to be the number one time management ...

## I’m Just Too Busy. Enjoy these Easy Hacks | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Tip #1: You can say "No". A common problem is taking on too many tasks and responsibilities in favor of others. Some people feel so uncomfortable in declining a request that they end up overburdening their schedule and fail to live up to it, causing stress and disappointment. Learn the true value of saying no, and focus your schedule on the things that matter to you. Tip #2: Prioritize, and do it clearly. Some people overburden their schedules because they add tasks for the wrong reasons. They end up not doing the things that are most important to them. List the things that are important to you and look at ...

## 11 Time Management Tips | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Tip #1: Time management is a myth. On any given day, you will always have only 24 hours to work with. Learn to manage yourself and use the time that you have efficiently and productively. Tip #2: Recognize what causes you to waste time. Track your daily activities so that you will be able to identify the ones that waste the most of your time. This will give you an accurate overview of what tasks you actually accomplish during the day. Tip #3: Set goals. The real success of time management is in changing your behavior to become more productive. Start by setting a weekly goal in which you minimize ...

## Top 8 Strategies to Sharpen Thinking Skills | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Advice #1: Keep a Journal According to research, keeping a journal not only relieves stress, but can also improve your cognitive skills and reduce the severity of certain health conditions. Advice #2: Take Naps Lack of sleep contributes to poor cognitive performance and slows down your responses. Advice #3: Avoid High Blood Pressure Studies have proven that there is a direct correlation between blood pressure and cognitive functioning. This has been shown in both adults and young people. Advice #4: Meditate While meditation might seem vague or confusing to some, it can provide good stress relief and improve cognitive skills. Meditation also brings health benefits and increases creativity. Advice #5: ...

## How to know if your Child Needs more Sleep | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1 It is a fact that teenagers need 9.25 hours of sleep for optimal performance. According to the National Sleep Foundation, "15% of teens are only getting 8.5 hours" per night, which is insufficient. Step 2 Lack of sleep contributes to your teenager's academic performance, attitude, mood and inability to drive. Step 3 One reason why teenagers have trouble sleeping, aside from stress, is cell phone calls and text messaging received from their friends throughout the night. Step 4 Ensure that your teenager has the same sleep/wake patterns through the week as on the weekend. Talk to your teenager about what is causing him/her stress and lack of sleep, ...

## How to Safeguard Your Child from Sexual Abuse | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1 Make sure you are well-informed on the topic of sexual abuse. Know what is going on with your child at all times. Know who are his friends, his teachers, etc. Listen to your child who might be feeling ashamed to talk about the abuse. Do not accept his/her short answers too quickly. Step 2 Children who are not properly informed about sex are at greater risk for sexual abuse. Educate your child about sex, even though you may not feel comfortable about it. A good way to start with the subject is while you are teaching your child the names of body parts. Step 3 Teach your child ...

## Crucial Tips to Protect Your Teen from Abusive Relationships | CXC Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1 Check your child's cell phone records for any number that appears to call or has been called more frequently than others. Pay special attention to the time and frequency of those calls. Step 2 Monitor your teenager's internet history - chats, emails, etc. Find out what he/she was talking about to others. Step 3 Let your teenager know that he/she can come to you no matter what. That way, he/she will be more willing to tell you what is really going on. Step 4 Check for bruises and monitor how your child claims he/she got them. Observe if your child is covering him/herself up more than usual ...

## How to Talk to Teenagers about STD’s | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1 Prepare yourself for this important talk by educating yourself about STDs first. You will have a much easier time conversing with your teenager if you are well-informed of the topic. Your teenager will also be more likely to listen if he/she can see that you know what you are talking about. Step 2 Go over every known STD with your teenager and make sure he/she is aware of how the STD is contracted and its treatment options. It is important that your teenager knows the dangers of STDs. Step 3 Show your teenager statistics that apply to his/her lifestyle, age group, etc. Your teenager needs to understand that ...

## How to Mentor a Teen Dad | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Step 1 Be sure that you want to be a mentor to a teen dad. Step 2 Learn and train to become a good mentor. Step 3 Join a teen support group, or pregnancy support group. Step 4 Guide your teen dad to be a better father. Step 5 Start small by befriending your teen dad. Step 6 Let him know that he can trust you, and can always turn to you. Step 7 Encourage your teen dad not to lose contact with his child's mother even if their relationship is over. That way, he will keep contact with his child. Step 8 Teach your teen dad the importance of ...

## How to support a Pregnant Teenager | SEA Lessons – 1868-308-4028

Steps to consider in offering support for your pregnant teenager: Step 1: Although you may feel disappointed, frustrated, or even angry upon finding out about your daughter's pregnancy, accept the fact and focus on fostering a good communication with her. Talk with your daughter about her pregnancy - when it may have occurred, her feelings toward her pregnancy and her thoughts about the baby. Step 2: It is important that your daughter starts receiving prenatal care as soon as possible. Contact your local pregnancy center for assistance. Step 3: Make sure your daughter has a health insurance plan for the course of her pregnancy. Contact your local pregnancy center for ...

## Pregnant Teen on your hands? Enjoy these Essential Tips

Put feelings aside Although you and your pregnant teen daughter will be experiencing many different emotions, it is important for you to put your feelings aside and focus on what is important for your daughter. Talk to her about her options concerning the baby, and help her make the right decisions. If she is considering adoption, support her decision. If she is intending to keep the baby, be sure to familiarize her with the responsibility facing her, and the effects that decision will have on her and her family. Avoid complications Start prenatal care as soon as possible. The younger your daughter is, the bigger the chances for complications during ...